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Promote the high-quality development of foreign trade and the economy
Release date : 2020/3/21 16:27:04  Click volume : 162
The development of service trade is an important measure to promote economic transformation and upgrading and high-quality development. Recently, the "Comprehensive Deepening of Service Trade Innovation and Development Pilot Program" was officially issued, and the new round of service trade innovation development pilot projects have been expanded from the original 17 pilot areas to 28 pilot areas, further highlighting the new era of service trade in the national region Role in development strategy.

The executive meeting of the State Council held on July 29 pointed out that it is necessary to give full play to the role of service trade in stabilizing foreign trade and foreign investment, and explore reforms around broadening open areas and improving convenience to promote a higher level of opening up.

Xian Guoyi, Director of the Department of Trade in Services of the Ministry of Commerce, said at a press conference held by the Ministry of Commerce on August 19 that the new round of service trade innovation and development pilots will be used as a platform and breakthrough point to comprehensively promote the reform, opening up and innovation of service trade, which will be more effective. Promote economic transformation and upgrading and high-quality development.

Dislocation of pilot areas to explore diversified development

In 2016, the State Council deployed service trade innovation development pilot projects in 15 provinces (regions) including Shanghai and Hainan; in 2018, it decided to further deepen service trade innovation development pilot projects. The "Financial Times" reporter learned that the new round of service trade innovation and development pilots is a "full deepening" on the basis of the previous two rounds. Focusing on the promotion of service trade reform, opening up, and innovation, 8 pilot tasks and 122 specific measures were proposed in three aspects. Xian Guoyi said that some of these 122 measures were implemented in all pilot areas, and some took into account the differences in development foundations and institutional innovation conditions among pilot areas, and set them to explore first in some pilot areas where conditions are met, which fully reflects the dislocation and exploration of pilot areas. Layout characteristics of development.

In general, the new round of pilots pay more attention to the layout of the national development strategy to promote the development of service trade, which is mainly reflected in the setting of the pilot scope, the structural arrangement of dislocation exploration, and the development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao regions. A series of policy measures have been issued for the layout of the industrial chain.

At the same time, the new round of pilots will pay more attention to enhancing the competitive advantages of service trade in expanding opening up, further expanding open areas, accelerating the exploration of open systems, and optimizing the business environment conducive to open development.

In addition, the new round of pilots will pay more attention to activating development momentum, promote the expansion, structural optimization, and quality improvement of service trade, seize the opportunities for digital trade development, and comprehensively promote the development of digital trade in the pilot areas, both exploring deregulation and access , And explore the improvement of the supervision system and standard construction.

The development of service trade in the central and western regions welcomes opportunities

It is worth noting that half of the newly added service trade innovation development pilot areas in this round are in the central and western and northeast old industrial bases, which is a higher proportion than the previous two rounds. Xian Guoyi said that the reason for this layout is that, on the one hand, it is necessary to implement the high-quality construction of the “Belt and Road”, the development of the western region, and the revitalization of the Northeast. On the other hand, in recent years, the service industry and service trade in the central and western regions The pace of development is accelerating, and the foundation and conditions for institutional innovation are available.

Speaking of future plans to promote the development of service trade in the central and western regions, Xian Guoyi said that he will pay more attention to the development of service trade in the central and western regions, increase support, and work with these pilot areas to develop specific and feasible implementations based on their own industrial characteristics and location advantages. The plan is to actively cultivate new competitive advantages in the fields of production services such as digital trade, transportation, tourism, culture, Chinese medicine, and service outsourcing, so as to better promote economic transformation and upgrading and coordinated regional development.

The long-term trend of service trade has not changed

In the first half of this year, affected by the epidemic, the scale of my country's service trade declined, but the overall trend was stabilizing, showing development resilience and vitality. Service exports performed significantly better than imports and also better than other major service exporting countries.

Guoyi Xian said that at present, domestic epidemic prevention and control have achieved major strategic results, but overseas epidemics are still spreading, the world economy is severely recessed, and the situation facing my country's service trade development in the second half of the year is still severe and complex. However, we must also be aware that the epidemic will have a profound impact on the global service trade pattern, consumption patterns, and consumption habits. The development of service trade is organic and the competitiveness of my country's service trade continues to increase, and the long-term trend of improvement has not changed.

"This comprehensive deepening of the service trade innovation and development pilot program will bring at least three opportunities." Xian Guoyi said, first, market expansion opportunities, comprehensive opening up to promote the formation of a large market, and promote the formation of a domestic and international dual cycle with the domestic cycle as the main body The new development pattern of mutual promotion will create a broader market space for service providers at home and abroad. The second is innovation and development opportunities. Digital trade, copyright transactions, online education and other emerging service exports have become new growth points. The producer service industry is more closely and more efficiently embedded in the global industrial chain supply chain through offshore outsourcing, bonded research and development, and bonded testing. Attract domestic and foreign resource elements to be more fully invested in new business forms and new models. The third is an opportunity for international cooperation. The pilot program provides a broader space for China to deepen service trade cooperation with partners such as the “Belt and Road” initiative. The pilot projects not only promote the high-quality development of China's service trade, but also inject new momentum into the development of global service trade.